For language arts instruction in this class I use a framework called Daily 5. This model, above all, instills immense literacy independence in students and creates a classroom of engaged learners through personal choice and empowerment. Before we can fully implement the framework in class the students must master all 5 components (Read to Self, Work on Writing, Word Work, Read to Someone and Listen to Reading), which means reaching a 20 minute "stamina goal" for each one, THREE TIMES! It is a lot of work, but the students are incredibly motivated; perhaps because when they have masted all 5 they get their desks and pencil boxes :)
SIDE BRAG: this is the quickest I have seen a group of students master the first component, Read to Self. We are already on to Work on Writing!
If you want to learn more about the theories behind Daily 5, their website has a wealth of information! https://www.thedailycafe.com/daily-5